Children may already have had some experience of weight through carrying heavy and light items. The children will be encouraged to make direct comparisons holding items to estimate which feels the heaviest then use the balance scales to check. They will be prompted to use vocabulary such as heavy, heavier than, heaviest, light, lighter than, lightest to compare items.
Grouping and Sharing
The children will probably already have some experience of sharing and will be quick to point out when items are not shared fairly.
During snack time or group activities, children will be encouraged to check that the items are shared equally and that everyone has the same. The children will also be given opportunities to recognise and make equal groups. They will be prompted to notice that sometimes there are items left over when they share or group. The children will be asked to come up with their own suggestions for how to resolve this.
Odd and Even Numbers
The children will begin to understand that some quantities will share equally into 2 groups and some won’t. They may also notice that some quantities can be grouped into pairs and some will have one left over. Children will be provided with opportunities to explore these ideas in different contexts as they play and to talk about what they notice.
Number Bonds up to 10
The children will be given opportunities to explore number bonds to 10 using a variety of different resources such as real life objects in different contexts, bead strings, 10 frames, fingers and Numicon.
Children will build earlier AB pattern work by producing more complex patterns. The children will explore patterns which use items more than once in each repeat. For e.g. ABB, AAB, AABB, AABBB
Children will be encouraged to say each pattern aloud and to create patterns around the edge of shapes as well as in straight lines.
The children will use real objects to see that the quantity of a group of objects can be changed by taking objects away. The first, then, now structure will be used to create mathematical stories in meaningful contexts. The children will be encouraged to count out all of the items at the start, take away the required amount practically, and then subitise or recount to see how many are left.